Different Types of Talking Therapy
If you’ve ever considered a career as a counselor, you should understand a little about the types of therapy available. There are many different types of therapy, which provide a range of choice for the person seeking treatment. Here are just a few of the types of therapy available:
Couples Therapy is for anyone involved in a romantic relationship who feels they need help with the complexities of sharing your life with a partner. Whether there are serious arguments, too many disagreements or the relationship is just no longer fun – our mental health and happiness can suffer. Many people try to work through problems alone, but it can be incredibly helpful for couples to seek outside guidance. This form of talk therapy led by an objective counsellor can help couples to understand what is going on in the dynamics of their relationship. Marriage counselling is a highly rewarding career. The counsellors involved must adhere to strict patient confidentiality clauses and undergo a DBS Check.
Other popular forms of therapy are based on the way we think and behave as humans and are called Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies. The process aims at reconditioning our thoughts and the way we act to overcome problems. CBT includes some of the following processes:
Depression and anxiety can be relieved in the short-term by something called Acceptance and Commitment therapy. It is a process of analysing our behaviour with mindfulness exercises to make our minds more flexible.
Behavioural therapy concentrates on a person’s learned behaviour and tackles ways in which this can be changed. Mainly used for issues such as addictions or phobias, the premise is that if a behaviour is learned, it can be unlearned too.
CBT is a combination of both cognitive and behavioural approaches. It concentrates on the emotions, thoughts, physical symptoms and actions of a person and how these are all interlinked to impact the person’s well-being. It is useful in the treatment of many problems, including depression, phobias and acute anxiety.
Another area of this field of therapy includes dialectical behavioural therapy. This is primarily used for those who experience emotions very deeply, and those with borderline personality disorders. It is now used to help treat a wide variety of mental health issues.
Another area of counselling is the approach based on a person’s unconscious perceptions that developed throughout their early formative years. Such methods are known as psychoanalytical or psychodynamic therapies. Psychoanalysis was a theory developed by Sigmund Freud and it involves interpreting memories or experiences from childhood that are causing distress in adult life. A slightly less intense version is known as psychoanalytic therapy and looks at how a person’s unconscious thoughts are affecting their behaviour.
Another form of this kind of therapy looks at how we relate to other people and the way this makes us feel about ourselves. This is known as Dynamic interpersonal therapy or DIT. Psychodynamic therapy is more aimed at finding quick solutions to current problems. Whilst still relating to how the unconscious affects our behaviour, it has evolved from psychoanalysis to provide help to patients with a more urgent need.